Tuesday, March 23, 2010

no.23: what do u know 'bout teeth?

gigi...bangun pagi...gosok gigi.....jerit2!!!.....sakit sangat!

  

warggghhhh...mama! sakit gigi!
'hah?syafakillah! jom mama bawa pegi jmpe Miss antiTahiGigi nak?'
'kenapa kena jumpa Miss antiTahiGigi?


'mestilah!ikhtiar tu perlu supaya sakit tak berlarutan!'
'tapi,betul ke Miss antiTahiGigi tahu tentang gigi,mama?'
'urmmmh.....mestilah!tengok lecture note pertama mereka ni!'

***

tooth anatomy

This drawing of a healthy tooth cut in half lengthways shows the layers of the tooth and its internal structure, as well as how the tooth relates to the gum and surrounding jaw bone.


The crown is the part of the tooth that is visible above thgum (gingiva).
The neck is the region of the tooth that is at the gum line, between the root and the crown.
The root is the region of the tooth that is below the gum. Some teeth have only one root, for example, incisors and canine (‘eye’) teeth, whereas molars and premolars have 4 roots per tooth.

The crown

The crown of each tooth has a coating of enamel, which protects the underlying dentine. Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, harder even than bone. It gains its hardness from tightly packed rows of calcium and phosphorus crystals within a protein matrix structure. Once the enamel has been formed during tooth development, there is little turnover of its minerals during life. Mature enamel is not considered to be a ‘living’ tissue.

Dentine

The major component of the inside of the tooth is dentine. This substance is slightly softer than enamel, with a structure more like bone. It is elastic and compressible in contrast to the brittle nature of enamel. Dentine is sensitive. It contains tiny tubules throughout its structure that connect with the central nerve of the tooth within the pulp. Dentine is a ‘live’ tissue.

Cementum and the periodontal membrane

Below the gum, the dentine of the root is covered with a thin layer of cementum, rather than enamel. Cementum is a hard bone-like substance onto which theperiodontal membrane attaches. This membrane bonds the root of the tooth to thebone of the jaw. It contains elastic fibres to allow some movement of the tooth within its bony socket.

The pulp

The pulp forms the central chamber of the tooth. The pulp is made of soft tissue and contains blood vessels to supply nutrients to the tooth, and nerves to enable the tooth to sense heat and cold. It also contains small lymph vessels which carry white blood cells to the tooth to help fight bacteria.

The root canal

The extension of the pulp within the root of the tooth is called the root canal. The root canal connects with the surrounding tissue via the opening at the tip of the root. This is an opening in the cementum through which the tooth’s nerve supply and blood supply enter the pulp from the surrounding tissue.




6 comments:

farafara said...

wahaha
thnks mrs eh2 miss AntitahiGigi :p

*rajennye org da abes exam pos mngpos
bittaufeq sume

buda tade blog said...

sob sob. doc, saye sakit gigi :(

ara said...

farah>biaselah tu~huhu
buda tade blog >bukan setakat blog x ada...huruf 'K' pun dah hilang?huhu~

semua> meh la pos isu2 berkaitan & berkait~huh^^

nabilah y said...

yeay. i've heard these stuffs frm MiniClinic b4. this is so interesting, ok?

thanks kauther~

nur said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
W M Najib said...

bapak terbaik
akhrawat go go go!